Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Spanish pronunciation: [anˌdɾes maˈnwel ˈlopes oβɾaˈðoɾ] (listen); born 13 November 1953) (commonly referred to by his initials AMLO) is a Mexican politician serving as the president of Mexico since 2018.
Born in Tepetitán, in the municipality of Macuspana, in south-eastern state of Tabasco, López Obrador graduated from the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1986 following a hiatus from his studies to participate in politics. He earned a bachelor's degree in political science. He began his political career in 1976 as a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in Tabasco. His first public position was as director of the Indigenous Institute of Tabasco in 1977, where he promoted the edition of books in indigenous language and the project of the Chontal ridge. In 1989, he joined the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and was the party's 1994 candidate for Governor of Tabasco. He was the national leader of the PRD between 1996 and 1999. In 2000, he was elected Head of Government of Mexico City. He left the PRD in 2012 and in 2014 founded the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), which he led until 2017. Often described as a populist and a nationalist, López Obrador has been a nationally relevant politician for more than two decades.López Obrador was a candidate for the third time in the 2018 presidential election, representing Juntos Haremos Historia, a coalition of the left-wing Labor Party, right-wing Social Encounter Party, and MORENA. This time, he won in a landslide victory, taking 53 percent of the vote. His policy proposals include increases in financial aid for 11 million students, doubling the pension for the elderly, doubling the minimum wage, an amnesty for non violent drug criminals, construction of 100 universities and universal access to public colleges, ending the war on drugs and the legalization of some drugs like marijuana, cancellation of the Mexico City New International Airport, a referendum on past energy reforms implemented in 2013 that ended Pemex's 75 year state-own control of the oil company, the profits represented 18% of the total budget revenues of the public sector, stimulus and subsidiaries of the country's agricultural sector, delay of the renegotiation of NAFTA until after the elections, the construction of one more oil refineries, increased social spending, decreasing the salaries of politicians and the decentralization of the executive cabinet by moving some key government departments and agencies from the capital to the states.