Nine Inch Nails, commonly abbreviated as NIN (stylized as NIИ), is an American industrial rock band formed in 1988 in Cleveland, Ohio. Singer, producer and instrumentalist Trent Reznor was the only permanent member until the addition of English musician Atticus Ross in 2016.
Reznor recorded the debut NIN album, Pretty Hate Machine (1989), while working as a janitor at a Cleveland recording studio. After feuding with the label TVT Records about promotion, Reznor signed with Interscope Records and released the EP Broken (1992), with a different sound. Albums The Downward Spiral (1994) and The Fragile (1999) were released to critical acclaim and commercial success.
Following a hiatus, NIN resumed touring in 2005 and released their fourth album, With Teeth (2005), to further success. Following the release of Year Zero (2007), Reznor left Interscope, saying the label had "ripped off" fans. NIN continued touring and independently released Ghosts I–IV (2008) and The Slip (2008) before a second hiatus. In 2013 NIN released their eighth album, Hesitation Marks (2013), under Columbia Records, followed by the EPs Not The Actual Events (2016) and Add Violence (2017) and their ninth album, Bad Witch (2018).
Reznor typically assembles a live band to perform with him. The band has varied over the decades, and as of 2019 includes Robin Finck, Alessandro Cortini, and Ilan Rubin. NIN tours often employ thematic visual elements and elaborate light shows, and songs are often rearranged for performance.
NIN have sold over 20 million records and have been nominated for thirteen Grammy Awards, winning for the songs "Wish" and "Happiness in Slavery" in 1992 and 1996 respectively. In 1997, Time named Reznor one of the most influential people, and Spin has described him as "the most vital artist in music". In 2004, Rolling Stone placed NIN at 94 on its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time. They were nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2014, their first year of eligibility, and again the following year.