Radiohead are an English rock band formed in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, in 1985. The band consists of Thom Yorke (vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards), brothers Jonny Greenwood (lead guitar, keyboards, other instruments) and Colin Greenwood (bass), Ed O'Brien (guitar, backing vocals) and Philip Selway (drums, percussion). They have worked with producer Nigel Godrich and cover artist Stanley Donwood since 1994. Drawing influence from varied genres, Radiohead's experimental approach to rock has been credited for advancing alternative rock.
After signing to EMI in 1991, Radiohead released their debut single "Creep" in 1992. It became a worldwide hit after the release of their debut album, Pablo Honey (1993). Their popularity and critical standing rose in the United Kingdom with the release of their second album, The Bends (1995). Radiohead's third album, OK Computer (1997), brought them international fame; noted for its complex production and themes of modern alienation, it is often acclaimed as a landmark record of the Generation X era. The followup, Kid A (2000), marked a dramatic change in style, incorporating influences from experimental electronic, 20th-century classical music, krautrock, and jazz. Though Kid A divided listeners, it was hailed as the best album of the decade by several publications. It was followed by Amnesiac (2001), recorded in the same sessions.
Hail to the Thief (2003) fused rock and electronic music with lyrics inspired by the War on Terror, and was Radiohead's final album for EMI. Their subsequent releases have pioneered alternative release platforms such as pay-what-you-want and BitTorrent; Radiohead self-released their seventh album, In Rainbows (2007), as a download for which customers could set their own price, to critical and chart success. Their eighth album, The King of Limbs (2011), an exploration of rhythm, was developed using extensive looping and sampling. A Moon Shaped Pool (2016) prominently featured Jonny Greenwood's orchestral arrangements. Jonny Greenwood, Yorke, Selway, and O'Brien have released solo albums.
Radiohead had sold more than 30 million albums worldwide by 2011. Their work places highly in both listener polls and critics' lists of the best music of the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s. Their awards include six Grammy Awards, four Ivor Novello Awards and an MTV Video Music Award. In 2005, they were ranked 73rd in Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. In 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted Radiohead the second-best artist of the 2000s. Five of their albums have been nominated for the Mercury Prize, making them the most nominated act in the prize's history. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019.